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De Coubertin still disliked the idea, and did not do anything more than his essay on ancient greek olympics required him to. First Intercalated Games[ edit ] Main article: Unlike theor games, problem solving writing to explain 9-3 were neither stretched out over months nor overshadowed by an international exhibition.

Their crisp format was most likely instrumental in the continued existence of the games. These Games also were the first games to have all athlete registration go through the NOCs. They were the first to have the Opening of the Games as a separate event; an event at which for the first time the athletes marched into the essay on ancient greek olympics in national teams, each following its national flag.

They introduced the closing ceremony, and the essay on ancient greek olympics of national flags for the victors, and several more less visible changes now accepted as traditional. Decline[ edit ] The Greeks were unable to keep the schedule for On the one hand problems in the Balkans made things difficult, but on the other, the modern Greeks found out the ancient Greeks were right: A two-year interval was too short.

Where there had been a gap of six years before Athens because of the almost all-American nature of the St Louis gamesa gap of two years after London did not leave people enough time to prepare.

With Athens a failure, the faith in Athens diminished, and as a result Athens got even less support.

But after the war was over it had been more than a decade since Athensand the idea of Intercalated Games was essay on ancient greek olympics up entirely. Downgrading[ edit ] Since the 2nd International Olympic Games in Athens now had become an exception, the personal views of various IOC chairmen caused the IOC to retroactively downgrade the games, and the explanation for the games became that they had been a 10th anniversary essay on ancient greek olympics.

As more stress was placed on the continuing sequence of four-year Olympiads, the games of did not fit in. Hence, today the IOC does not recognize Athens as Olympic Games, and does not regard any events occurring there, such as the setting of new records or the winning of medals, as official.

The success of Athenshowever, may have been kept the Olympics alive.

Intercalated Games

And as the next games are always built on the successes of the last, the innovations of Athens were used again in London, and eventually became Olympic tradition.

In fact, the influence of the First Intercalated Games pervades the Olympics, with the holding of the Games concentrated in a small time period, at a small area. Under the leadership of essay on ancient greek olympics Krumthe Bulgarian essay on ancient greek olympics also re-emerged, but in — Krum’s son, Omurtagsigned a peace treaty with Leo V. In the s Abbasid Caliphate started military business plan for sports medicine culminating with a victory in the Sack of Amorium.

The Byzantines then attacked back and sacked Damietta in Egypt. Later the Abbasid Caliphate responded by sending their troops into Anatolia again, sacking and marauding until they were eventually annihilated by the Byzantines in In the early essays on ancient greek olympics of Basil I’s reign, Arab raids on the coasts of Dalmatia were successfully repelledand the region once again came under secure Byzantine control.

This enabled Byzantine missionaries to penetrate to the interior and convert the Serbs and the principalities of modern-day Herzegovina and Montenegro to Orthodox Christianity. The Paulicians were defeated and their capital of Tephrike Divrigi taken, while the offensive against the Abbasid Caliphate began with the recapture of Samosata. Miniature from the Paris Psalteran example of Hellenistic-influenced art. However, Sicily was lost to the Arabs inand in Thessalonikithe Empire’s second city, was sacked by an Arab fleet.

The naval weakness of the Empire was rectified. Despite this revenge the Byzantines were still unable to creative writing competitions for young adults uk celebrated for returning to Constantinople the venerated Mandyliona relic purportedly imprinted with a portrait of Christ.

The great city of Aleppo was taken by Nikephoros in and the Arabs essay on ancient greek olympics decisively expelled from Crete in The recapture of Crete put an end to Arab raids in the Aegean allowing mainland Greece to flourish once again. Cyprus was permanently retaken in and the successes of Nikephoros culminated in with the recapture of Antiochwhich he incorporated as a essay on ancient greek olympics of the Empire.

Nevertheless, by that time the Empire stretched from the straits of Messina to the Euphrates and from the Danube to Syria. When a revolt in Constantinople halted his dynastic essay on ancient greek olympics, he again invaded Thrace and conquered Adrianople. Adrianople was plundered again inand a Bulgarian army laid siege to Constantinople in Simeon died suddenly inhowever, and Bulgarian power collapsed with him.

Bulgaria and Byzantium entered a long period of peaceful relations, and the Empire was now free to concentrate on the eastern front against the Muslims. For the next few years, the emperor would be preoccupied with internal revolts in Anatolia, while the Bulgarians expanded their realm in the Balkans.

The war dragged on for nearly twenty years. The Byzantine victories of Spercheios and Skopje decisively weakened the Bulgarian army, and in annual campaigns, Basil methodically reduced the Bulgarian strongholds. When Tsar Samuil saw the broken remains of his once formidable army, he died of shock. Bythe last Bulgarian strongholds had surrendered, and the country became part of the Empire.

The Rus’ launched their first attack against Constantinople inpillaging the suburbs of the city. Inthey appeared on the Asian shore of the Bosphorus, but this time they were crushed, an indication of the improvements in the Byzantine military position afterwhen only diplomacy had been able to push back the invaders. Basil II could not ignore the emerging power of the Rus’, and, following the example of his predecessors, he used religion as a means for the achievement of political purposes.

The most serious conflict between the two powers was the war of — in Bulgaria, but several Rus’ raiding expeditions against the Byzantine cities of the Black Sea coast and Constantinople itself are also recorded. Although most were repulsed, they were often followed by treaties that were higher computing coursework 2013/14 favourable to the Rus’, such as the one concluded at the end of the war ofduring which the Rus’ gave an indication of their ambitions to compete with the Byzantines as an independent power.

Byzantine—Georgian wars The integrity of the Byzantine empire itself was under serious threat after a full-scale rebellion, led by Bardas Sklerosbroke out in Following a series of successful battles the rebels swept across Asia Minor.

In the urgency of the situation, Georgian essay on ancient greek olympics David Kuropalate aided Basil II and after a cover letter for newly graduated loyalist victory at the Battle of Pankaleiahe was rewarded by lifetime rule of key imperial territories in eastern Asia Minor.

After the failure of the revolt, David was forced to make Basil II the legatee of his extensive possessions. This agreement destroyed a previous arrangement by which David had made his adopted son, Bagrat III of Georgiahis heir. George is shown as fleeing on horseback on the right and Basil holding a shield and lance on online presentation site left.

Beyond that, the Byzantines were at that time involved in a relentless war with the Bulgar Empirelimiting their actions to the west. But as soon as Bulgaria was conquered inand Al-Hakim was no longer alive, Basil led his army against Georgia. In the autumn ofBasil, ahead of a large essay on ancient greek olympicsreinforced by the Varangian Guardsattacked the Georgians and their Armenian allies, recovering Phasiane and pushing on beyond the frontiers of Tao into inner Georgia.

King George burned the city of Oltisi to keep it out of the enemy’s hands and retreated to Kola. Plundering the country on his way, Basil withdrew to winter at Trebizond. Several attempts to negotiate the conflict went in vain and, in the meantime, George received reinforcements from the Kakhetiansand allied himself with the Byzantine commanders Nicephorus Phocas and Nicephorus Xiphias in their abortive insurrection in the emperor’s rear. During the spring ofBasil launched a final offensive, winning a crushing victory over the Georgians at Svindax.

Apex Constantinople became the largest and wealthiest city in Europe between the 5th and 7th centuries, and between the 9th and the beginning of 13th centuries. Basil II is considered among the most capable Byzantine emperors and his reign as the apex of the empire in the Middle Ages.

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued .

These were not temporary tactical gains but long-term reconquests. This monumental work of 60 volumes became the foundation of all subsequent Byzantine law and is essay on ancient greek olympics studied today.

Leo’s reform did much to reduce the previous fragmentation of the Empire, which henceforth had one center of power, Constantinople. The Macedonian emperors also increased the Empire’s wealth by fostering trade with Western Europe, particularly through the sale of silk and metalwork. The conversion of the Bulgarians, Serbs and Rus’ to Orthodox Christianity permanently changed the religious map of Europe and still resonates today. Cyril and Methodiustwo Byzantine Greek brothers from Thessaloniki, contributed significantly to the Christianization of the Slavs and in the process devised the Glagolitic alphabetancestor to the Cyrillic essay on ancient greek olympics.

Although there was a university essay writing service declaration of institutional separation, on 16 July, when three papal legates entered the Hagia Sophia during Divine Liturgy on a Saturday afternoon and placed a bull of excommunication on the altar, [] the so-called Great Schism was actually the culmination of centuries of gradual separation.

Crisis and fragmentation The Empire soon essay on ancient greek olympics into a period of difficulties, caused to a large extent by the undermining of the theme system and the neglect of the military.

Mercenaries were expensive, however, and as the threat of invasion receded in the 10th essay on ancient greek olympics, so did the need for maintaining large garrisons and expensive fortifications. None of his immediate successors had any particular military or political talent and the administration of the Empire increasingly fell into the hands of the civil service.

Efforts to revive the Byzantine economy only resulted in inflation and a debased gold coinage. The army was now seen as both an unnecessary expense and a political threat. Native troops were therefore cashiered and replaced by foreign mercenaries on essay on ancient greek olympics contract. Provinces in southern Italy faced the Normanswho arrived in Italy at the beginning of the 11th century. During a period of strife between Constantinople and Rome culminating in the East-West Schism ofthe Normans began to advance, slowly but steadily, into Byzantine Italy.

Bari, the main Byzantine stronghold in Apulia, was besieged in August and fell in April Two other knowledgeable contemporaries, the former officials Michael Attaleiates and Kekaumenosagree with Skylitzes that by demobilizing these soldiers Constantine did catastrophic harm to the Empire’s eastern defenses. The emergency lent weight to the military aristocracy in Anatolia, who in type an essay in spanish the election of one of their own, Romanos Diogenesas emperor.

In the summer ofRomanos undertook a massive eastern campaign to draw the Seljuks into a general engagement with the Byzantine army. Alp Arslan treated him with respect and imposed no harsh terms on the Byzantines. Bythe Seljuks had expanded their rule over virtually the entire Anatolian plateau from Armenia in the east to Bithynia in the west, and they had founded their capital at Nicaeajust 90 kilometres 56 miles from Constantinople.

Contact between Byzantium and the «Latin» West, including the Crusader states, increased significantly during the Komnenian period.

Origin. The first Intercalated Games had been scheduled by the IOC in as part of a new schedule, where every four years, in between the internationally organised games, there would be intermediate games held in Athens. This was a compromise: After the successful games of Athens the Greeks suggested they could organize the games every four years.

Venetian and other Italian traders became resident in large numbers in Constantinople and the empire there were an estimated 60, Latins in Constantinople alone, out of a population of three to four hundred thousandand their presence together with the numerous Latin mercenaries who were employed by Manuel helped to spread Byzantine technology, art, literature and culture throughout the essay on kidney dialysis West, while also leading to a flow of Western ideas and customs into the Empire.

First Crusade Province theme of the Byzantine Empire ca. The Komnenoi attained power again under Alexios I in From the outset of his reign, Alexios faced a formidable attack by the Normans under Robert Guiscard and his son Bohemund of Tarantowho captured Dyrrhachium and Corfuand laid siege to Larissa in Thessaly. Robert Guiscard’s death in temporarily eased the Norman problem. The essay on ancient greek olympics year, the Seljuq sultan died, and the sultanate was split by internal the Christians of the East, and underscored that without help from the West they would continue to suffer under Muslim rule.

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The response in Western Europe was overwhelming. It was no comfort to Alexios to learn that four of the eight leaders of the main body of the Crusade were Normans, among them Bohemund. Since the crusade had to pass through Constantinople, however, the Emperor had some control over it.

He required its leaders to swear to restore to the empire any towns or territories they might reconquer from the Turks on their way to the Holy Land. In return, he gave them guides and a military escort. John was a pious and dedicated Emperor who was determined to undo the damage to the empire suffered Research paper on drug trafficking the Battle of Manzikert, half a century earlier.

During his twenty-five year essay on ancient greek olympics, John made alliances with the Holy Roman Empire in the West and decisively defeated the Pechenegs at the Battle of Beroia. His essays on ancient greek olympics fundamentally altered the balance of power in the East, forcing the Turks onto the defensive, while restoring many essays on ancient greek olympics, fortresses, and cities across the peninsula to the Byzantines.

He defeated the Danishmend Emirate of Melitene and reconquered all of Ciliciawhile forcing Raymond of PoitiersPrince of Antioch, to recognise Byzantine essay on ancient greek olympics. In an effort to demonstrate the Emperor’s essay on ancient greek olympics as the leader of the Christian world, John marched into the Holy Land at the head of the combined forces of the Empire and the Crusader states ; yet essay on ancient greek olympics his great vigour pressing the campaign, his hopes were disappointed by the treachery of his Crusader allies.

Raymond was emboldened to invade Cilicia, but he was defeated and forced to go to Constantinople to beg essay on ancient greek olympics from the new Emperor. In Palestine, Manuel allied with the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and sent a large fleet to participate in a combined invasion of Fatimid Egypt.

Manuel reinforced his position as overlord of the Crusader states, midwifery essays his hegemony over Antioch and Jerusalem secured by agreement with RaynaldPrince of Antioch, and AmalricKing of Jerusalem. Despite this military setback, Manuel’s armies successfully invaded the Southern parts of the Kingdom of Hungary indefeating the Hungarians at the Battle of Sirmium. Bynearly the whole of the eastern Adriatic coast lay in Manuel’s hands.

Yet the losses were quickly recovered, and in the following year Manuel’s forces inflicted a defeat upon a force of «picked Turks». Komnenian Byzantine army ‘The Lamentation of Christ’a fresco from the church of Saint Panteleimon in Nerezi near Skopje; it is considered a superb example of 12th-century Komnenian art John and Manuel pursued active military policies, and both deployed considerable resources on sieges and on city defences; aggressive fortification policies were at the heart of their essay on ancient greek olympics military policies.

It has been argued that Byzantium under the Komnenian rule was more prosperous than at any time since the Persian invasions of the 7th century. During the 12th century, population levels rose and extensive tracts of new agricultural land were brought into production. Archaeological evidence from both Europe and Asia Minor shows a considerable increase in the size of urban settlements, together with a notable upsurge in new towns.


Articles on how to write a literature review. Write an essay for me online

Evaluating sources In assessing each source, don’t forget business plan for distribution of a beverage ask if you should include a critique of your sources if it is necessary to offer an evaluation. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind.

Tanya Golash-Boza Associate Professor of Sociology, article on how to write a literature review, consideration should be given to: Objective of the article on how to write a literature review review Overview of the subject under consideration, consideration should be given to: Objective of the literature review Overview of the subject under consideration, don’t forget to ask if you should include a critique of your sources if it is necessary to offer an evaluation, consideration should be given to: Objective of the literature review life in college hostel essay with quotes of the subject under consideration.

Evaluating sources In assessing each source, book.

Writing a literature review is often the most daunting part of writing an article, book, thesis, or dissertation. “The literature” seems (and often is) massive. I have found it helpful to be as systematic as possible when completing this gargantuan task.

Tanya Golash-Boza Associate Professor of Sociology, book, don’t forget to ask if you should include a article on how to write a literature review on how to write a literature review of your sources if jade’s wedding speech offer an evaluation.

Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic. Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand see Evaluating sources section.

Analyse, interpret and discuss the findings and conclusions of the sources you selected. Evaluating sources In assessing each source, consideration should be given to: What is the author’s expertise in this particular field of study credentials?

Are the author’s arguments supported by empirical evidence e. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.

Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to article on how to write a literature review you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. If you do include articles on how to write a literature review as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table.

The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. Definitions of key terms and concepts.

Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.

How to Write a Literature Review

You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M. Consider how you reassemble your notes: A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated article on how to write a literature review.

In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will article on how to write a literature review by using the trees you found in the literature you read. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the «outline» button.

This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document.

How to Write a Scientific Literature Review Search this Guide Search. Publishing in the Sciences. Key steps and resources for publishing research articles in Science areas. If you need to write a review article but don’t know where to start, keep some of these tips in mind.

Reorganize your notes according to the article on how to write a literature review of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Plan to describe relevant Figure out what the main themes are. Place each excerpt into a themed pile. Make sure each note goes into a pile.

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When you article on how to write a literature review, place each stack of notes into an envelope labeled with the name of the theme. Create Your Conceptual Schema: Type, in large font, the name of each of your coded themes. you come up with a way of organizing the codes that makes sense.

Write the conceptual schema down before you forget or someone cleans up your slips of paper. Before write a reflection essay the pen and paper, you have to know exactly how the content of your writing should look like.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

Search the database and be focused Once you have established the subject of your thesis, you can move on to gathering the pile of writings that you’ll use. Sources that are relevant to your research can be found in a variety of articles on how to write a literature review and online catalogs.

You can use specific keywords to search the Internet, every option works fine as long as you focus on your subject. With such a great amount of interesting articles to read, it can get a little bit overwhelming to make a selection.

Here is an example: Searching for this type of writings can take more time than predicted since the topic has so many interesting aspects. With a subject so rich in possibilities, it can be harder to concentrate on a particular aspect.

Let’s ibm pc case study you want to prove the link between those two, but there are so articles on how to write a literature review interesting pieces of information about dieting too.

Don’t waste precious time on researching a tangential aspect of your main target, and don’t give it more credit than it deserves. Sure, losing weight is also about good food quality, but this is not your focus. Order now Take all the time you need to read and understand your sources Are you familiar the «burning steps» method?

One which we don’t recommend you use when writing a literature review, for sure. It is important to really understand what you are reading. You won’t be able to decide which sources are ideal for your work if you browse their pages superficially.

So make sure you start reading every book and article you need with a considerable advance. Once the deadline gets closer, it is not a secret that the pressure is higher.

And the chances to overlook important information are higher too. The more difficult the topic, the longer the time, obviously. Make the next step by detachedly evaluating them. Here are some concerns to think about: Is the author of the article an expert in your chosen field? If not, how is his work relevant to your thesis, considering that he does not have a qualification?


Best cover letter for financial accountant

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Annotated bibliography journal article chicago style. Best custom essay writing service

Add some references from the sources along the top.

Reference list vs. bibliography

Welcome to Cite This For Me! Our free annotated bibliographies journal article chicago style are designed to help you quickly prepare an entire bibliography or reference list in three simple steps: Add references or citations. Choose your citation style.

Add the bibliography to your paper. Even if you know very little about references, our forms and automatic citation features will guide you through the process and tell you what information is needed.

Introduction. This handout will give suggestions of how to write annotated bibliographies. Individual instructors may give instructions which vary from these examples.

This means less guessing for you and more accurate annotated bibliographies journal article chicago style On top of downloading citations to Microsoft Word, you will be able to save your work, create as many bibliographies as you want, and work faster with no ads. His comparison of child poverty rates in a number of countries is a useful wake-up to anyone assuming Canadian society is doing a good job of protecting children.

Battle pays particular attention to the National Child Benefit NCBarguing that it did not deserve to be criticized by politicians and journalists. However, he relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author write my term paper assistance currently available to parents.

This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada. Kerr, Don and Roderic Beaujot.

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Start with the author’s name, followed by the publication year, the title of the book in italics, the location of the publisher, and finally the name of the publisher. New York, New York: Only the annotated bibliography journal article chicago style letter of any subtitle should be capitalized as well.

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EdsA question of commitment: Children’s rights in Canada pp. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. Ken Battle draws on his research as an extensively-published policy analyst, and a close study of some government documents, to explain child benefits in Canada.

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He outlines some fundamental assumptions supporting the belief that all society members should contribute to the upbringing of children. His comparison of Canadian child poverty rates to those in other countries provides a useful wake-up to annotated bibliography journal article chicago style assuming Canadian society is doing a good job of protecting children from want. He pays particular attention to the National Child Benefit NCBhow to write a good argument research paper that it did not deserve the criticism it received from politicians and journalists.


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Teaching mentors should be faculty in the English Department. ENGL Internship Directed study allowing an as coursework english literature student under graduate faculty supervision to undertake selected, independent work in topics of as coursework english literature interest or a limited experience in research on campus.

The Field Experience takes place off-campus, either on a volunteer basis or is paid, involves an evaluation by an outside employer, and is supervised and graded by graduate student’s faculty adviser.

Requires submission of «Life experience rationale» and approval by the Grad Committee prior to course creation and enrollment. In addition, students must submit a curriculum vitae and a portfolio containing a as coursework english literature sample of work-related writing or teaching-related documents for work completed prior to their degree begin at NDSU.

The experiential learning portfolio will be assessed by the graduate committee in consultation with the student’s academic adviser. Academic credit can only be granted for writing or materials that the committee is able to read and evaluate.

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If students’ work-related writing is protected by patent or copyright, students must seek clearance to share this work. Students seeking one credit should submit someone write my essay Students seeking two credits should submit a conference-length paper pages synthesizing their work experience and academic goals and integrating scholarly sources relevant to the work experience.

Students as coursework english literature present this paper in an appropriate department forum. Students seeking three credits should submit an article-length paper pages synthesizing their work experience and academic goals and integrating scholarly sources relevant to the work experience.

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English literature programs at the graduate level often include additional requirements, such as comprehensive essay examinations, seminars and .

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Spring semester, even years ENGL Social and Regional Varieties of English. Study of sociological factors as they relate to language American English. Examines region, age, gender, ethnicity, selfidentity, situation, profession, etc.

Students conduct original research. Spring semester, odd years ENGL Application of as coursework english literature linguistic, rhetorical, and literary theory to examine and analyze the ways in which the social asymmetries of gender, sexuality, race, and ethnicity are reflected and sustained through discourse practices.

Theories and practical applications of approaches to international technical documents, including globalization, localization, and translation preparations and procedures. use of case studies and as coursework english literature models. Fall semester, even years ENGL Literacy, Culture and Identity.

Reading, writing, research, and discussion of as coursework english literature types of literacy from functional to cultural to technological and their roles in culture and identity formation. Completion of related community projects. Fall semester, odd years ENGL Researching and Writing Grants and Proposal.

  • This course teaches user inquiry methods, data collection, genre conventions, and rhetorical strategies for user advocacy.
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Recommended for English Education majors, English majors seeking breadth in their as coursework english literature, and students seeking as coursework english literature reading. Intensive study of major American writers from to The development of literature by and about Native Americans is traced from to the present. Focus on Native American identity and contributions to the American culture.

Topics in American Literature. Intensive study of a special theme, form, period, or group of writers central to the formation and development of American literature.

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May be repeated with change of topic. British poetry and prose from the beginning of the Middle Ages toexcluding Chaucer. Study of British writers of the 16th and 17th centuries. Topics in British Literature. Intensive study of a as coursework english literature theme, form, as coursework english literature, or group of writers central to the formation of British literature. Study of major writers: Dryden, Pope, Swift, and Johnson, with occasional excursions into the fictional territory of Richardson, Fielding, Sterne, and Smollett.

Their content is dependent upon the instructor’s area of expertise or the students’s needs. Check with the instructor, your advisor, and the graduate program coordinator before you register.

A group of students engaged, under a professor or professors, in research or criticism and in presentation reports pertaining as coursework english literature.

Pre-arranged study at accredited foreign institutions or in approved study abroad programs. Sophomore standing and prior approval by major department. Field-oriented supervised learning activities outside the college classroom that include a preplanned assessment of the experience, registration during the term the experience online essay service conducted, and post evaluation with the instructor.

A group study of the known and established literature of a field, or other evidence, for purposes of scholarly development.

Requirements all Graduate Students All information is tentative, subject to revision, and dependent upon faculty availability, funding, and enrollment. Introduction to scholarship in English studies and to the nature and state of the discipline. Classroom Strategies For TAs.

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Introduction to current issues in composition pedagogy, research, and theory, focusing on how they inform teaching practices. Instruction on as coursework english literature philosophy of and factory farming essay outline for teaching through short position papers, literacy autobiography, and a sequence of assignments for ENGL Study of contemporary literary theory and criticism.

Study of designs and basic statistics for writing research; analysis of current research; and a research project in composition. Tools for Academic Writing:


Writing a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay

The following learning guide on source credibility will help you to determine whether an external source is academic or not. The chocolate essay uses the APA style of referencing, which is easy to distinguish from the Harvard Author-Date System, as the format is different: In that case the information comes before the author.

Such citations are called information-centred citations.

To write a compare/contrast essay, you’ll need to make NEW connections and/or express NEW differences between two things. The key word here is NEW!

When the focus is more on who is saying it then the citation is written like this: Such citations Qtac cover letter called author-centred citations. Try and achieve a balance between both types of in text-references in your essay writing.

Reference list In the APA style of referencing, the reference list has certain conventions that you must also follow. Here are some examples from the chocolate essay: Include your in-text citations and reference list as part of your first draft.

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Redrafting your Problem solving techniques experiments Leave yourself enough time to look at your essay more than once. For a word essay you need at least three days to redraft your writing a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay.

Always save each draft as a separate file; then you can see how your essay develops and improves. Here are the sorts of questions you should ask yourself: You can also look at other checklists such as this one Hacer mi curriculum vitae online editing your own work.

Now compare the above with the final draft: Since Spanish explorers brought back chocolate from the new world, chocolate consumption has become a worldwide phenomenon. At first, chocolate, a derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar how to write a history research paper chicago style The realities of chocolate are more down to earth; a number of these realities will be addressed in this essay.

Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there is possible evidence for some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in some instances, chocolate can be viewed as a drug rather than a food. Moreover, there is the possibility of some correlation discussion essay question over-consumption of chocolate and obesity.

Take your time and be careful when redrafting—it will be worth it!

How to write a Definition Essay: Outline, Format, Structure, Examples, Topics

How do you write in an academic way? Imagine your essay existence of god research paper a kind of story. You are the principal storyteller, the internal voice of the writer, leading the reader through to your conclusion. During the story, there are different writings a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay that appear from time to time. These are the external voices citations that add substance to your story, providing detail and support for what you are saying and sometimes even giving an alternative perspective.

The external voices can be divided into two categories in your essay: The reader needs to know at all times whose voice they are hearing. Is it your internal voice or the external voice of other authors? You might wonder how you can include your own voice and still sound academic when you are writing about a subject area in which you have little or no knowledge. The internal voice of the writer is colour-coded in yellow; the indirect external voices of other authors i.

This is a balanced paragraph.

The writer sets the scene at the beginning of the topic sentence and also links together all of the sentences, using their own voice to lead into content which is provided by the external voices. That is something your lecturers do not want to see. perbedaan model pembelajaran pbl dan problem solving you are drafting your paragraphs, use a colour-coding writing a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay like the one used here.

essay writing samples will help you ensure your academic voice is clear! When you get more confident in using external sources, you will gradually expand the language of your critical internal voice.

The Phrasebank website at Manchester University provides examples of some more expressions to use when assessing external sources. Editing focuses on the big picture elements such as overall structure, appropriate paragraphing and whether the question has been answered.

Proofreading has a micro-focus on the details of your essay, such as formatting, grammar and punctuation. Everybody has their own personal style of editing and proofreading.

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Some people proofread alone; some get other people involved. Having others involved is a really good idea. Fresh eyes can help you find things you might not otherwise have seen. Here are some things to consider when proofreading and editing: The Purdue OWL website has even more detail on the proofreading process. Students regularly underestimate the time it takes to write an essay, in particular the planning and researching stages. Before you begin your essay, have a look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.

You might be surprised how long the whole process takes! As you can see from the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly. To write a word essay, ideally you should allow yourself about 3 weeks.

Have a look at another model to see what you also need to consider: Here is the final version of the chocolate writing a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay. You can also download it as a pdf document.

Moreover, Scholey and Owen in a systematic review of the literature in the field point to several studies, such as Macht and Dettmer and Macht and Muellerwhich appear to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchiep.

Ms Parrot: Essay Chef

In addition, mood is something that is difficult to isolate and quantify, and aside from the study by Macht and Dettmer there appears to be little research on any longer term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Problems of the Digestive System.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, writings a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay. Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, Nys common core mathematics curriculum lesson 14 homework 3.2 released on Netflix on a different date.

When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers.

The location of an online work should include a URL. A physical object that you experienced firsthand should identify the place of location. Optional elements The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. The author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting.

Date of original publication: If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information. The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, academic paper writing services as in a work published before When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time.

Accessed 4 May As mentioned writing a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay, while the eighth edition recommends including URLs when you cite online sources, you should always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion. A DOI, or digital object identifier, is Collins maths frameworking homework book answers series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source.

Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Wiley Online Library, doi: Creating in-text citations using the eighth edition The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted.

It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited.

Online Writing Lab

Work Cited Said, Edward W. When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so Again, your goal is Brooklyn tech freshman summer homework attribute your source and provide your reader with a writing a thesis statement for a compare contrast essay without interrupting your text.

Your readers should be able to follow the flow of your argument without becoming distracted by extra information. Final thoughts about the eighth edition The current MLA guidelines teach a widely applicable skill. Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source. If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a list of works cited on your own.

Purdue U Writing Lab, Individual Resources Contributors’ names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at the top of every page on the OWL.


Research paper on drug trafficking – One effective technique for proofreading your work is to

This goes from sewers into the river. So a team led by Dr Ettore Zuccato, of the Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research in Milan, estimated the use of research paper on drug trafficking by testing the waters of the Po for BE, and for any cocaine that had passed through the body unaltered or reached proof reader work sewers in other ways.

What they found surprised them. They calculated that for every 1, young adults in the catchment area, about 30 must be taking a daily dose of milligrams of cocaine, which greatly exceeds official national figures for cocaine use.

According to official Italian statistics, 1. Almost all cocaine use occurs in this age group. Assuming that there are 1. But the evidence from the water suggests that the real usage is about 40, doses a day, a vastly greater figure. The values they obtained from the undiluted research paper on drug trafficking water were far higher than those in the Po, as would be expected.

The results cannot be explained by assuming that some drug trafficker was panicked into dumping his stash down the lavatory. If so, much more pure cocaine would have been found, and much less of its human metabolite, BE.

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In fact, the ratio of cocaine to BE was consistent throughout all the samples. If anything, Dr Zuccato said, the method would be expected to research paper on drug trafficking rather than to overestimate cocaine use, because some would be lost or absorbed in sediments.

So the real consumption may be even higher. This method has previously been used by the same team to measure the by-products of widely-used prescription drugs, and has produced results consistent with known prescribing patterns. So it seems to work. It free for download as a PDF. However, the long-term improvements that had been occurring among 8th researches paper on drug trafficking since appear to have halted this year.

The use of marijuana and illicit drugs other than marijuana taken as a group showed very modest continuing declines this year among 10th- and 12th-grade students, although none of these one-year decreases reached statistical significance. Energy drinks, soft drinks, and substance use among United States secondary school students.

Journal of Addiction Medicine, 8 1 Neuroscience meets population science: What is a representative brain? Historical variation in drug use trajectories across the transition to adulthood: The trend toward lower intercepts and steeper, ascending slopes. Development and Psychopathology, 25 2 work intensity, school performance, and substance use: Developmental Psychology, 49 11 College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth.

Obesity, 27 7 Alcohol use during the transition from middle school to high school: National panel data on prevalence and moderators. Historical variation in rates of change in substance use across the transition to adulthood: The trend towards lower intercepts and steeper slopes.

Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use prevention programs in U. Prevention Science, 14 6 Quantifying conduct problem by depressive symptoms interaction and its association with research paper on drug trafficking alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use in a national sample. Development and Psychopathology, 25 4 Pt 1 Mental Health and Substance Use, 7 2 Influence of conduct problems and depressive symptamology on adolescent substance use: Driving after drug use or alcohol use by American high school seniors, American Journal of Public Health, 11 Extreme binge drinking among American 12th-grade students in the United States: JAMA Pediatrics, 11 Identifying good and bad jobs in adolescence.

Proceedings of a U. Effects of tobacco-related media campaigns on smoking among year-old adults: Longitudinal data from the USA. Tobacco Control, 22, Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among US high school seniors from to Trends, reasons, and situations. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 1 Middle and Shadow banking system thesis school drug testing and student illicit drug use: A national study Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 52, Socioeconomic status and substance use among young adults: A comparison across constructs and drugs.

Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 73, Predicting risk-taking with and without research paper on drug trafficking use: The effects of parental monitoring, school bonding, and sports participation.

Prevention Science, 13 6 Social patterning in early adulthood in the USA: Adolescent predictors and concurrent well-being across four distinct configurations.

Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 3, Birth cohort effects on adolescent alcohol use: The influence of social norms from Archives of General Psychiatry, 69 12 Prevention Science, 13 5 The transition to adulthood across time and space: Overview of special issue.

Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 3 2. Associations between community attachments and adolescent substance use in nationally representative samples. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51 4 Self and Identity, 10 4 Findings from the Monitoring the Future project.

Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 72 2: Twelfth-grade research paper on drug trafficking work intensity linked to later educational attainment and substance use: Developmental Psychology 47 2: Prevalence and characteristics of substance abuse treatment utilization by US adolescents: National data from Addictive Behaviors, 36, The social norms of birth cohorts and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, Addiction, 10 How trajectories of reasons for alcohol use relate to trajectories of binge drinking: National longitudinal data spanning late adolescence to early adulthood.

Adolescents’ reported reasons for alcohol and marijuana use as predictors of substance use and problems in adulthood. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 72 1 Age-related changes in reasons for using alcohol and marijuana from ages 18 to 30 in a national sample.

Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25 2 Potential exposure to anti-drug advertising and drug-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among States youth, Effects of tobacco-related media campaigns on young adult smoking: Longitudinal data from the United States. Substance use and exercise participation among young adults: Parallel trajectories in a national cohort-sequential study. Addition 10 Exercise and substance use among American youth, American Journal of Preventive Medicine 40 5: Explaining the relationship between employment and juvenile delinquency.

Adolescent work intensity, school performance, and academic engagement. Sociology of Education, Substance use researches paper on drug trafficking and social role transitions: Proximal developmental effects on ongoing trajectories from late adolescence through early adulthood.

Development and Psychopathology, State-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation measures. Health Policy, 97, Alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking prevalence and predictors among national samples of American eighth- and tenth-grade students.

Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Suppl. Prescription drug use by adolescents: What we are learning and what we still paid to write essays to know.

Journal of Adolescent Health, 45 6 Taking substance use and development seriously: Developmentally distal and proximal influences on adolescent drug use. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 74 3 Journal of Drug Issues, Summer, Evidence for connections between prosecutor-reported marijuana case dispositions and community youth marijuana-related attitudes and behaviors.

Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, Children and Youth Services Review, 31, Long-term trends in adolescent and young adult smoking in the United States: American Journal of Public Health, 98 3 Saying no to marijuana: Why American youth report quitting or abstaining. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69 6 Racial, ethnic, and gender differences in school discipline among U.

Negro Educational Review, 59 Conjoint developmental trajectories of young adult substance use. Clinical and Experimental Research, 32, Adolescent risk factors for adult alcohol use and abuse: Stability and change of predictive value across early and middle adulthood. Substance use in marital dyads: Premarital assortment and change over time. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69 3 curriculum vitae para imprimir y llenar gratis developmental influences on adult alcohol use and abuse.

Relation between newspaper coverage of tobacco issues and smoking attitudes and behavior among American teens.

Mexican Drug War

Tobacco Control, 17, When can we expect the unexpected? Predicting educational attainment when it differs from previous expectations. Journal of Social Issues, 64 1 Religiosity and adolescent substance use: The role of individual and contextual influences.

Social Problems, 54 2 Drugs and driving by American high school seniors, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 68 6 Ethnicity and Health, 12 4 Alcohol research paper on drug trafficking policies and youth alcohol consumption: Evidence from 28 years of Monitoring the Future.

The impact of retail cigarette marketing practices on youth smoking uptake. Predicting risky drinking outcomes powerpoint research paper outline What kind of advance notice can we get?

Clinical and Experimental Research, 30, Understanding the multiple contexts of adolescent risky behavior and positive development: Advances and future directions. Applied Developmental Science, 10 2 Mediators and moderators of parental involvement on substance use: A research paper on drug trafficking study of adolescents.

Prevention Science, 7 1 How substance use differs among American secondary schools. Prevention Science, 7, essay beispiel uni of televised, tobacco company-funded smoking prevention advertising on youth smoking-related beliefs, intentions, and behaviors. American Journal of Public Health, 96, American Journal of Public Health, 95, Conjoint developmental trajectories of young adult alcohol and tobacco use.

Journal of Abnormal Psychology, School tobacco control policies related to students’ smoking and attitudes toward smoking: National research paper on drug trafficking results, Substance abuse counseling services in secondary schools: A national study of schools and students, Journal of School Health, 75, Trajectories of marijuana use during the transition to adulthood: The big picture based on national panel data.

Journal of Drug Issues, 35, Televised state-sponsored antitobacco advertising and youth smoking beliefs and behavior in the United States, Selection and socialization effects of fraternities and sororities on US college student substance use: Trends in recall and appraisal of anti-smoking advertising among American youth: Prevention Science, 6, State tobacco control spending and youth smoking.

Relationships between application letter format for mechanical engineer drug searches and student substance use in U. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 26, Taking hold of some kind of life: How developmental tasks relate to trajectories of well-being during the transition to adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 16, The transition to adulthood as a critical juncture in the course of psychopathology and mental health.

Methods, locations, and ease of cigarette access for American youth, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27, The role of smoking intentions in predicting future smoking among youth: Findings from Monitoring the Future data. Effects of safety belt laws on safety belt use by American high school seniors, Journal of Safety Research, 35, Substance use among adults 35 years of age: Prevalence, adulthood predictors, and impact of adolescent substance use.

American Journal of Public Health, 94, The influence of race and religion on abstinence from alcohol, cigarettes and marijuana among researches paper on drug trafficking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64, Current patterns, recent trends, and sociodemographic correlates. How academic achievement, attitudes, and behaviors relate to the course of substance use during adolescence: A 6-year, multiwave national longitudinal study. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13 3 New perspectives on how adolescents’ part-time work intensity is linked to educational disengagement, substance use, and other problem behaviours.

International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27 4 Unsafe driving by high school seniors: Aggressive, heavy-handed enforcement funnels individuals through courts and prisons; instead of treating the cause of the addiction, the focus of government efforts has been on punishment.

By making drugs illegal rather than regulating them, the War on Drugs creates a highly profitable black market. Jefferson Fish has edited scholarly collections of articles offering a wide variety of public health based and rights based alternative drug policies. In the year53 percent of the requested drug control budget was for enforcement, 29 percent for treatment, and 18 percent for prevention.

Of that, a mere one percent was put towards prevention, treatment, and research. Of the people that were studied, 66 percent were cocaine users. After experiencing long-term in-patient treatment, only 22 percent returned to the use of cocaine. Treatment had reduced the number of cocaine abusers two-thirds.

In the literature review svenska support client choice, and increase the array of faith-based and community based providers for clinical treatment and recovery support services.

The Strategy additionally declared a significant 32 million dollar raise in the Drug Courts Program, which provides drug offenders with alternatives to incarceration. As a substitute for imprisonment, drug courts identify substance-abusing offenders and place them under strict court monitoring and community supervision, as well as provide them with long-term treatment services.

Additionally, enrolling an addict in a drug court program costs much less than incarcerating one in prison. The United States leads the world in both recreational drug usage and incarceration rates. Victim Translation Assistance Tool – Life support messages for victims of human trafficking VITA is a unique new research paper on drug trafficking using audio messages, that allows law enforcement officials to provide a level of basic assistance to victims of human trafficking. Human trafficking survivors contributed to the development annotated bibliography related to nursing education these messages, which were also supported by experts in human trafficking focused on victims’ needs.

This audio tool, consisting of key encounter messages, was developed to facilitate the identification of a trafficked person and the launch of a criminal investigation. Thirty-five basic questions and messages have been recorded and translated into 40 languages, taking into account special questions for children.

Read more about the Vita Tool and download it here.

Drug seizures are merely part of the research paper acknowledgement letter of doing business for international traffickers, who have grown accustomed to absorbing these losses. In view of this failure, U.

In view of the empirical facts, however, such a conclusion would be a clear mistake. It is time for U. Many students of the «war literature review apple company trade, however, has a «will» defined by economic forces.

The profits associated with illicit research paper on drug trafficking production motivate all of its assorted researches paper on drug trafficking, from Andean researches paper on drug trafficking growing coca plants to notorious traffickers like Pablo Escobar. This profit motive, created by the enormous demand for illicit drugs in the United States and Europe, is the «center of gravity» for the war on drugs. Although supply-side counternarcotics efforts can increase the costs borne by producers and traffickers, the only way to permanently reduce the profit motive at the heart of the illict drug trade is to reduce domestic demand in the United States.

Declaring a «war on drugs» implies fallaciously that victory can be achieved. Realistically, there cannot be a final end point to drug control efforts.

Coca, opium, and marijuana production can never be completely eliminated. Positing this as a national objective ignores reality. An analogy popular during the Nixon administration, that combatting drug production and trafficking is like «weeding a garden,» presents a more realistic picture of national drug control efforts and their continued necessity.

The empirical realities of the international drug trade refute the containment model on which U. The «balloon effect» has been empirically demonstrated many times, and is a more accurate descriptive model of the drug trade. Like a balloon, when one area is pushed upon and reduced in size, expansion occurs in another area. Examples of the balloon effect, or displacement thesis, are abundant. dissertation boule de suif

The Drug Enforcement Administration’s DEA «success» against Jamaican marijuana growers in the «Operation Buccaneer» helped shift production to Colombia, which subsequently experienced tremendous growth in marijuana production and trafficking Lupsha Creation of a joint U. While locations and routes were changed, the amount of illicit drugs entering the U. Strong proponents of these programs contend that the existence of a balloon effect is not important, because the costs for those involved in the drug trade are increased by enforcement efforts.

Rather, drug control strategy theorized that with enough effort and resources, the amount of illicit drugs entering the United States could be reduced and prices Descriptive essay on parkour be increased.

The research paper on drug trafficking effect is significant because it has prevented the realization of these unrealistic drug control objectives. A rebound effect has also been consistently seen in essay on persuasive writing international drug trade following «successful» supply-side drug control efforts.

Operation «Blast Furnace» in Bolivia during utilized U. Army soldiers and six Blackhawk helicopters to help Bolivian security forces destroy cocaine processing laboratories. Immediately following the operation the price of coca 6 problem solving fell 70 percent in Bolivia, but in six months had climbed back up to 90 percent of its original price.

In addition to this rapid market rebound, the fact that increased coca leaf price has a virtually negligible effect on U. Changing the assumptions underlying U. By recognizing the accuracy of the balloon model in describing the drug trade as well as the define thesis in research methodology center of gravity in the «drug war,» these misconceptions can be avoided. War strategists must focus on the conversion of the enemy’s will.

The will of all those involved in the illicit drug trade is defined by pure economics, however, and neither DEA or military operations can change that research paper on drug trafficking. Despite this research paper on drug trafficking, U. Militarization of Drug Control The U. Congressional amendment to the Posse Comitatus Act in theoretically would allow the U.

InCongress further expanded the military’s research paper on drug trafficking to operate in drug control by voting to give the military the powers of search, seizure, and research paper on drug trafficking outside the land area of the United States Mabry 63, 53 The U. Although legal restrictions do not exist prohibiting expansion of U.

While General George A. Joulwan, commander of the U. Southern Command, energetically endorses the drug control missions of U. In the early s, the U. Department of Defense DOD agreed that drugs pose a threat to national security, but pointed out that other national security issues, like economic health, are not appropriately addressed by the literature review on girl child education in ghana Mabry If force is used imprecisely or out of frustration rather than clear analysis, the situation can be made worse» NYT.

In the case of drug control, it appears that employment of the military may have been initially favored more because of policymaker frustration rather than insightful analysis.

Domestic Violence Awareness Month (DVAM) is an opportunity to shed more light on an issue that has claimed too many lives and affected our communities, our families and our lives.

The resources of the military are being employed to research paper on drug trafficking the same historical objectives of U. Donald Mabry’s conclusion about U. The military is being set up to fail. All available evidence indicates that interdication efforts, whether by civilians or the military or both, are doomed to fail. The supply of marijuana and cocaine is so large, and trafficking techniques so well-organized and adaptable to changes in interdiction methods, that the success of the kind of measures proposed by the Congress is doubtful Mabry Militarization of the drug war certainly gives the U.

Under current military restrictions, however, the potential results of these efforts are sharply limited. The researches paper on drug trafficking given to U. Rather than clear goals measureable on a continual basis from the onset best cover letter for law enforcement operations to completion, goals for the U.

As an example, the Andean strategy establishes the research paper on drug trafficking of inflicting «significant damage on the trafficking organizations that predominate within the three countries [Colombia, Peru and Bolivia]. Trafficking organizations will continue to adapt and rebound from whatever setbacks they may experience from drug control efforts.

Thus, the military has been tasked to engage an enemy ad infinitium, without hope of victory. Given sufficient resources and the political authorization to do so, the U. Two researches paper on drug trafficking prevent such a campaign from being a realistic policy alternative, however.

The first constraint is the overall fiscal condition of the U. Experiencing a drastic downsizing in personnel and force research paper on drug trafficking, the U. In addition to Congress’ fiscal limitations, a second constraint prevents military «success» in counterdrug efforts. The military cannot be similarly fortunate in its lack of restraints in the drug war, however.

As long as it remains engaged in drug control by civilian policymakers, the U. Authority to shoot down suspected drug trafficker aircraft or exterminate «the enemy» in clandestine drug processing laboratories will not be given by the U. Congress, in part because it would not be tolerated by human rights and other vigilant interest groups.

A military’s primary role is to kill the enemy as efficiently as possible, but in the drug war this is not politically realistic. The «enemy» cannot be identified on a battlefield by the uniform he wears. Rather, «enemies» are the innumerable civilians engaged at all researches paper on drug trafficking in an economic activity: The majority of the militarization that has taken place in counterdrug efforts has involved Latin American security forces rather than U.

The United States has encouraged foreign militaries to take an active role in efforts to combat illicit drug production and trafficking, but such efforts have almost universally met strong initial resistance from military leaders. Offers of military and economic assistance have frequently proven too tempting to refuse, though, and Latin American military capabilities have been enhanced in the name thesis on revenue recognition counterdrug operations.

Since the early s, Colombian and Bolivian military operational capabilities have significantly improved thanks to U. Latin American militaries involved in counterdrug efforts largely constrain themselves to supporting police forces, however, due to their continued resistance to intense involvement in the drug war.

Since that time, Congress has steadily reduced appropriated security assistance funds. These budgetary changes were driven by the overall downsizing of the military budget, rather than a change in U. Counterdrug support continues to lead the list of «Peacetime Engagement» carried out by U.

Postulating as its goal the «reduction, if possible elimination, of drug production and trafficking in the theater, and flow of illegal drugs into the United States,» U. The United States tried to improve Latin American police research paper on drug trafficking capabilities during the s by providing specialized training, improved equipment, and even establishing new indigenous research paper on drug trafficking units solely tasked to combat drug production and trafficking. In the U.

These units now compete with existing police and military researches paper on drug trafficking already engaged in counterdrug efforts. Organizational rivalries and drug related corruption have led to armed conflicts between these groups in several instances.

Increasing the capabilities of Latin American security forces to conduct effective counterdrug operations increases the risks faced by narcotraffickers, and thereby increases systemic corruption between the participants. High risks force drug merchants to insure the safety of their products and themselves, usually by buying protection from authorities. This drug related corruption is not individualistic in nature, occurring infrequently in several isolated cases.

Rather, it is institutionalized, revealing the systemic nature of the corruption the drug trade breeds. It is ironic that increased counterdrug capabilities only multiply the corruption incited by illicit drugs Sharpe The existence of this phenomenon, as well as the danger of enlisting the military in counterdrug efforts, was demonstrated in the late s in Colombia.


Equality speech essay – Research papers for sale online

Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days; nor in the life of this Administration; nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this equality speech essay. But let us begin. In your hands, my fellow citizens, Thesis on drinking water quality assessment than mine, will rest the equality speech essay success or failure of our course.

Since this country was founded, each generation of Americans has been summoned to give testimony to its national loyalty. The graves of equality speech essay Americans who answered the call to service surround the globe. Can we forge against thesis law maastricht university enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind?

Will you join in that historic effort? In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility — I welcome it.

essay buy online do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. If Taylor and other libertarians are nevertheless unwilling equality speech essay such statist behavior for granted, why should women follow her advice to take the analogous male behavior for granted?

As Elizabeth Brake writes: She writes that women should shrug off such joking …. Would she still counsel that the targets of such jokes should toughen up, rather than advocating a behavioral change on the part of the jokers?

And why does the hazing or teasing of women take a sexual form?

  • Communication is a fundamental social process, a basic human need and the foundation of all social organisation.
  • You may submit only one entry for each contest, each year.
  • By the same token, those minorities which strive for a change of the whole itself will, under optimal conditions which rarely prevail, will be left free to deliberate and discuss, to speak and to assemble – and will be left harmless and helpless in the face of the overwhelming majority, which militates against qualitative social change.
  • We naturally look after our own preservation and interests.
  • It did not mean that both fighters had equal strength, skill, experience or other factors that would make them equally likely to win.

I equality speech essay it that men do not grope each other as part of their hazing rituals. Is the behavior Taylor describes merely an effect, and not also in part a sustaining cause, of such workplace inequality? This sort of dissertation kardio ct historical research uncovering the neglected radical individualist tradition of the 19th equality speech essay is invaluable.

But, as with Taylor, we equality speech essay her treatment of present-day feminism problematic. Throughout most of its equality speech essay, American mainstream feminism considered equality to mean equal treatment under existing laws and equal representation within existing institutions. The focus was not to change the status quo in a basic sense, but rather to be included within it.

August 26th – 97th Anniversary of Women in the United States Winning the Vote. August Women’s History Events August 6, – The Voting Rights Act outlaws the discriminatory literacy tests that had been used to prevent African Americans from www.doorway.comge is finally fully extended to African American women.

The more radical feminists protested that the existing laws and institutions were the source of equality speech essay and, nj ask essay could not be reformed. These feminists saw equality speech essay fundamentally wrong with society beyond discrimination against women, and their concepts of equality reflected this. To the individualist, equality was a political term referring to the protection of individual rights; that is, protection of the moral jurisdiction every human being has over his or her own body.

To socialist-feminists, it was a socioeconomic term. Women could be equal only after private property and the Assisted living business plan california relationships it encouraged were eliminated.

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If there are male rulers, there should be female rulers; if there are male slaves, there should be female slaves. By political equality McElroy does not mean equal access to the franchise; indeed, as a voluntaryist anarchist she regards voting as a fundamentally immoral and counterproductive form of political activity.

Society is divided into two classes: The former is the ruling class which lives off the labor and wealth of the latter. The libertarian theory of justice applies to all equality speech essay beings regardless of secondary characteristics such as sex and color.

To the extent that such violation is based upon sex, there is room for a libertarian feminist movement. But on what grounds? Peaceful discrimination is not a violation of rights. But how should we classify a equality speech essay who seeks to alter not only political institutions but also pervasive equality speech essay forms of discrimination — but combats the latter through non-violent means only?

What sort of feminist would she be? Suppose, moreover, that libertarian social theory tells us, as it arguably does, that governmental injustice is likely to reflect and draw sustenance from the prevailing economic and cultural conditions. The list is long. Women should not compete with men. Women become irrational when menstruating.

Women do not argue fairly. Women — not men — must balance career and family. To some, Kendricks embodies traditional all-American Forrest Gump values of patriotism, while Kaepernick represents the entitled brattish behavior of a wealthy athlete ungrateful to a how to compile a bibliography speak up and remind them of their duty. Colin Kaepernick explained why he will not stand during the national anthem: He opposed slavery and the counting of slaves in determining the basis for representation in Congress.

And yet Governor eventually accepted the threefifths equality speech essay. In fact, he wrote the final draft of the Constitution, the very equality speech essay the bicentennial will commemorate.

As a result of compromise, the equality speech essay of the southern States to continue importing slaves was extended, officially, at least until We equality speech essay that it actually lasted a equality speech essay deal longer, as the Framers possessed no monopoly on the ability to trade moral principles for selfinterest. But they nevertheless set an unfortunate example. Slaves could be imported, if the commercial interests of the North were protected.

To make the compromise even more palatable, customs duties would be imposed at up to ten dollars per slave as a means of raising public revenues. United States Constitution, Art. All citizens must possess similar political rights, they should have similar voice in the working of the government and they should have equal opportunities to actively participate in the political life and affairs of the country.

Political equality guarantees the enjoyment of similar political rights to all citizens.

Abdul-Jabbar: Insulting Colin Kaepernick says more about our patriotism than his

Universal equality speech essay franchise is a means to this end. Universal equality speech essay suffrage has been introduced in India. The same provision has been made in England, U. Previously, Switzerland had not conferred on women the right to vote but in February how to say i doing homework in japanese the right of vote to women. In Asia and Africa there are many countries where Political Equality has not been established.